Geography

 

Year 2

 

Year 2 will cover the following topics this year:

Island Home -Autumn 2

Our World -Spring 1

Poles Apart- Spring 2

The children will develop an understanding of the geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom. They will use geographical vocabulary to refer to describe key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather. They will learn the key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop. They will learn the countries, continents and oceans and they will use simple compass directions. The children will identify seasonal and daily weather patterns and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.

Year 4

Year 4 will cover the following topics this year:

Great Britain- Autumn 1
All around the World- Autumn 2
Rainforests- Summer 1

The children will learn to use maps to name and locate countries and cities of the UK, identifying and describing the human and physical features. They will describe key features including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers. They will also name some countries that have rainforests and label maps to show where these are found. They will learn the four layers of a rainforest, describe the climate of each layer and compare rainforests. The children will use mapping skills to locate the Equator, Northern and Southern Hemisphere and they will identify the lines of longitude and latitude on a map. They will identify the Arctic and Antarctic Circles on a globe or map. The children will identify the locations of the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn and they compare the differences between the UK and the tropics, including climate. They will learn about the Prime Meridian and explain why day and night occurs. The children will understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region.

Year 6

Year 6 will cover the following topics this year:

Lakes, Rivers and Seas- Autumn
Our Changing World- Spring 1
Trade and Commerce- Summer

The children will use maps, atlases and digital mapping to locate the world's countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia), concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics and countries and major cities. They will locate countries and cities of the UK, geographical regions and their physical and human characteristics (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers) and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time. The children develop knowledge of weathering and erosion and describe how erosion changes rocks. They will name some features of a coastline in the UK and identify how the boarders have changed over time. The children will also describe some ways that human activity changes the landscapes. They will identify and describe key physical features, including climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and the water cycle. The children will identify and describe key human features, including types of settlement and land use and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water. The children will learn the difference between imports and exports. They will list some goods that are exported or imported, and name countries in which we import from and export to.

Year 1

Year 1 will cover the following topics this year:

 

United Kingdom - Autumn 2

Our Local Area- Spring 2

Maps, Charts and Weather- Summer 2

 

The children will learn to name, locate and identify characteristics of the 4 countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas. They will use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and the local area, including the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment. The children will use maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries. They will identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom.

Year 3

Year 3 will cover the following topics this year: 

Passport to the world- Autumn
Extreme Earth- Spring 1
Land Use- Spring 2 

The children will learn to identify the key human features of geography. They will use maps, atlases, globes and digital mapping to locate countries and describe features. They will list the ways in which land is used in the UK and describe an area as urban or rural, including the different types of rural spaces. They will identify key landmarks and compare localities. The children will identify key physical features of geography, including volcanos and earthquakes. They will locate major mountain ranges of the world. The children will learn to name the layers that make up the Earth. They will use maps to identify where most volcanos are found, and they will name the key parts of a volcano. The children will explain how to keep safe during an Earthquake and describe a tsunami, including the damage they cause.

Year 5

Year 5 will cover the following topics this year:

Eastern Europe- Autumn 1
Marvellous Maps- Spring
South America- Summer

The children will locate the world's countries, using maps to focus on Europe and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, and key physical and human characteristics. They will recognise the geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region within North or South America and Eastern Europe. They will compare similarities and differences between the climate of Eastern Europe and their own locality. The children will understand some geographical aspects have changed over time. The children will use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and keys (including Ordinance Survey maps) to build knowledge of the UK and the wider world. They will identify and describe human features, including types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water.